New research to bring us closer to zero deaths from breast cancer by 2030

March 23rd, 2015

The National Breast Cancer Foundation (NBCF) continues to stride towards zero deaths from breast cancer by 2030 with the announcement of $10 million in funding awarded to 31 new research projects in 2015.

Each year, NBCF coordinates a rigorous peer- and consumer-review process to ensure investment in high-quality, feasible and impactful research projects. NBCF has been a major funder of breast cancer research in Australia since 1994, awarding over $115 million to more than 400 research projects in that time.

This year’s 31 new research projects have the potential to impact the lives of Australian women right across the breast cancer spectrum – from new avenues of breast cancer prevention and more efficient methods of screening, through to earlier detection of breast cancer spread and a greater understanding of the needs of women after breast cancer.

Finding out more about advanced breast cancer is a particular area of interest for NBCF as the Foundation works towards zero deaths from breast cancer by 2030. Professor Kirill Alexandrov from The University of Queensland’s Institute for Molecular Bioscience and Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology has been awarded a 2015 NBCF Innovator Grant to investigate the potential of a new diagnostic test for advanced breast cancer. ­
alexandrov_web-2-(1) Professor Alexandrov’s passion is a fairly new area of research known as synthetic biology. This field looks at biological systems just like bits of technology.

“It should be possible to build human biological systems the same way we do with electronic componentsparts,” explains Professor Alexandrov. “My research area looks at the human body and asks ‘how can we build that?’”

This interesting field of research has applications in diagnosing diseases through the development of molecular  sensors that can identify markers of a disease in a person’s blood or saliva. With the funding awarded by NBCF, Professor Alexandrov is investigating ways to apply this technology to detect advanced breast cancer.

More than 90% of breast cancer-related death is associated with breast cancer spread, or metastasis. Early detection of this advanced breast cancer dramatically increases the effectiveness of further cancer treatment. However, in the early stages of metastasis, new tumours are small and their detection is very difficult.

As new tumours grow, they release tumour DNA into the surrounding tissues and blood. Measuring tumour DNA in blood is a very promising avenue for the detection of recurrence. However, current methods for detection of tumour DNA require complex equipment and are not suitable for continuous monitoring.

“Through this research grant, we are aiming to develop a simple test that identifies breast tumour DNA in a patient’s blood,” says Professor Alexandrov. “This test will be similar to the one used for measuring blood sugar in diabetes – with the potential for information obtained through the simple blood test to be connected to a smart phone for continuous monitoring.”

This type of testing has the potential to improve the early detection of breast cancer metastasis, thus improving the treatment outcomes and quality of life for breast cancer patients. It also has the potential to benefit other disease areas.

“We expect this will have applications not just for breast cancer, but also for the diagnostics and prognostics of other cancers and disease types,” says Professor Alexandrov.

This is truly innovative and ground-breaking research, which Professor Alexandrov believes would not be possible without the NBCF Innovator Grant – a scheme developed specifically to provide researchers with the opportunity to break new ground in the development of innovative and possibly high-risk avenues of investigation.

“This funding is essential, critical,” says Professor Alexandrov. “Working in an academic environment, you typically can get funding for an area in which you have a proven track record. But this research is completely new and different and that’s why the Innovator Grant is so important.

At NBCF, we are keeping a close eye on the exciting work of Professor Alexandrov, and all of our grant recipients. Plans are already underway for our 2016 funding rounds. Your generous donations can help us to continue the innovative and collaborative work of our researchers. Donate today.